SAP Module Mindmap
I frequently get a very interesting question from some of the most senior level executives in the industry when manning the "booth":
What exactly is SAP?
Sometimes They Need to Know What Are SAP Modules
Sometimes they may even have SAP installed and not really know “what’s in the box”.
Whose fault is this?
As a Senior SAP Project Manager, I have to say it is our fault, the SAP consultants, for not simplifying and clarifying what SAP is. We will dive into what it does in another series of blogs later on.
To make understanding SAP Modules simple, I have created a mind-map of the SAP system, which is based on the SAP architecture documentation, and a great deal of general system knowledge gained over the years.
Does Not Include SAP Partner Offerings
Doing a quick walk-through, starting with finance and proceeding clockwise (sorry for those who only know digital watches:). The SAP Enterprise Resource Management (ERP) System consist of a series of fully integrated SAP modules, which, for example, immediately reflect the impact of a purchase order on a company’s financial status.
Human Capital Management: All modules required to define an organization, recruit, hire and manage human resources.
Netweaver: The underlying technology platform that SAP operates on, as well as SAP Business Warehouse (sort of).
Supply Chain Management (SCM): Originally understood to be SAP APO or Advanced Planner and Optimizer, now includes, via integration, many parts of the logistics system.
Strategic Enterprise Management: Though somewhat supplanted by Business Objects Business Planning and Consolidation (BPC), includes Business Planning and Simulation (BPS), Balanced Scorecard (Balanced Scorecard), Stakeholder Relationship Management (SRM), Management Cockpit and Business Consolidation (BCS).
Business Warehouse (BW): Includes everything you need to build a datawarehouse and reporting solution, including ETL (Extract, Transform, Load, Staging Tools, Metadata Management, Modeling, and Query and Reporting Tools)
SAP HANA: Includes everything you need to build a big-data data warehouse (up to 196 terabytes in ram) and reporting solution, including ETL (Extract, Transform, Load, Staging Tools, Metadata Management, Modeling, and Query and Reporting Tools).
SAP HANA is a 3-part solution consisting of SAP HANA, Data Services and Business Intelligence (BI) and comes in 2 flavors: BW on HANA for existing BW systems and Native HANA for greenfield implementations.
SAP Industry Solutions: More than 30 Industry specific solutions and numerous partner Industry Solutions, including MRO (Maintenance Repair and Overhaul), Real Estate Management, Well Drilling, Legal Services, Poultry and Dairy, DFPS (Defense Industry & Public Security) among many.
S/4 Hana: The new Cloud based full SAP ERP system, subscription basis.
As you can see, there is a lot to know to really understand all the different SAP modules available.
People ask us all the time, "which sap module is the best sap module" or what is the "most widely used sap module" or "which sap module is in demand in the USA"?
That depends on you and your background.
The real question is not "which is the most popular sap module" in the marketplace but rather how does your background fit with "which module is the best fit" for you personally.
Which ever module you choose because all sap modules are massive in scope and capabilities, you will spend the next 5 years studying just to become barely or marginally functional in that module.
Since SAP ERP is a fully integrated system, the frequency of one module is equal to any other module, which module is the most popular can not be answered because that depends on you and your background.
If you have an engineering degree with no courses in accounting and you are trying to shoehorn yourself into the finance module because you heard that module pays the most money then that may not be a best fit for you.
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Want to Know How To Understand SAP Business Process?
If you want a simple way to understand SAP R/3, then you can download the mindmap we've built just for you.
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